The death was confirmed by her friend and agent, Jeff Witjas. Police were called Friday to investigate a death at her Brentwood residence. No specific cause was cited. She died less than three weeks before what would have been her 100th birthday.
In a career spanning seven decades, Ms. White became one of the most endearing and enduring faces on television. She said that her late husband, veteran game show host Allen Ludden, used to joke, “Meet my wife, one of the pioneers in silent television.”
In 2010, she starred in a Snickers candy bar commercial that aired during the Super Bowl — she was shown being tackled on muddy turf while playing football. That led to a massive Internet outcry for her to host “Saturday Night Live,” for which she received an Emmy Award for best guest actress in a comedy series.
She remained an incorrigible presence on television sitcoms and talk shows, often portraying herself as a seemingly demure old woman who suddenly detours into a ribald punchline. When talk-show host David Letterman asked how she spent her time, she rambled on about her love of animals before noting that “vodka’s kind of a hobby.”Most recently, she had a recurring role on the TV Land sitcom “Hot in Cleveland” and hosted a hidden-camera, practical-joke show called “Betty White’s Off Their Rockers,” which featured senior citizens pranking people young enough to be their grandchildren.
Asked in 2012 about the devoted following that suddenly sprang up around her, she explained to an Australian newspaper, “I think when I turned 90, it somehow fascinated people that I was still working. I’m very grateful that they still invite me to do things, but it comes as much as a surprise to me as it does to them.”
Ms. White first made an impression on critics and audiences in her starring role on the suburban sitcom “Life With Elizabeth,” which aired from 1953 to 1955. New York Times television critic Jack Gould called Ms. White a talented and “immensely personable” actress with an “intuitive feel for farce.”
If the role helped propel Ms. White’s long career, she later spoke dismissively about what she considered its dated premise. Plotlines centered on “Elizabeth’s biscuits not turning out,” she later told The Washington Post. “We were trying to be funny. We were more two-dimensional cartoon characters than three-dimensional real people.”
Her other sitcom work from the period was not much better, but her heart-shaped face and amiable personality won her a great deal of work on other programs, notably such long-running quiz shows as “What’s My Line?” and the Ludden-hosted “Password.”
She said she was approached by NBC in the early 1960s to be the “new girl” on the “Today” morning show but declined because she did not want to live in New York City. “They had to make do with Barbara Walters,” Ms. White told NPR. “What can I tell you?”
“The Mary Tyler Moore Show” provided Ms. White with one of her juiciest roles. From 1973 until the show was canceled in 1977, she portrayed Sue Ann Nivens, the outwardly sweet “Happy Homemaker” on the fictional Minneapolis station WJM-TV who had a sexually rapacious off-camera personality.
Portraying the “neighborhood nymphomaniac,” Ms. White later said, was pivotal in reviving her acting career after years of game-show work.
She won two Emmy Awards for her supporting role on “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” and was nominated for another.
“The Golden Girls,” which debuted in 1985 to glowing reviews and ran for seven years on NBC, sealed Ms. White’s presence on the small screen.
She played ditsy but kindhearted Rose Nylund, a widowed grief counselor who shares a Miami home with three other senior citizens: the oversexed Southern belle Blanche (Rue McClanahan); the abrasive octogenarian Sophia (Estelle Getty); and Sophia’s dominating daughter, Dorothy (Bea Arthur).
Rose was prone to self-doubt and misinterpreted everything said around her. Sexual innuendo often stumped her, such as Dorothy’s comment that her ex-husband needed to strip naked to count to 21. Rose came from the Minnesota town of St. Olaf, and her rambling reminiscences of its eccentric residents became a running joke. She won the 1986 Emmy for lead actress in a comedy series and was nominated six more times during the show’s run.
Over the years, Rose coped with the death of her married lover — in her bedroom. And in another storyline, she can’t bring herself to break up with a man because of his short stature; he eventually ends the relationship because she doesn’t share his Jewish faith.
Because of her memorable role on “The Mary Tyler Moore Show,” Ms. White was initially approached to play Blanche on “The Golden Girls.” She said she was happy when the switch occurred, telling the publication Back Stage, “It was great fun, because we each had new territory to investigate, and Ruesie [McClanahan] took Blanche out into orbit where I never would have had the guts to go.”
Early TV talk show host
Betty Marion White was born in Oak Park, Ill., on Jan. 17, 1922. She grew up in Los Angeles, where she showed early interest in theater and won several acting jobs on radio and stage.
A second marriage, to actor and show-business agent Lane Allen, also ended in divorce. She said Allen was unhappy that she wanted to work.
In 1949 and newly single, Ms. White joined a Los Angeles TV talk show as the sidekick of Al Jarvis. It was exhausting but exhilarating, Ms. White later told the Toronto Star. “It was live, five hours a day, six days a week,” she said. “We did 58 live commercials one day.”
Other sitcom efforts starring Ms. White fizzled, and she became a freelance celebrity panelist on game shows, through which she met Ludden, a widower, and married him in 1963. He died in 1981. They had no children. A complete list of survivors could not be confirmed.
Ms. White said her years as a talk show panelist hurt her reputation as a serious actress. Her fortunes changed with “The Mary Tyler Moore Show.” She initially was not considered for the complicated role of Nivens, but she said that the show’s producers envisioned “a sickeningly sweet Betty White type” for the part.
Ms. White was a friend of the show’s namesake star, and the producers feared a problem if Ms. White did not play the role well. Only after conducting an exhaustive search did the producers select her without an audition.
After the series ended in 1977, Ms. White starred briefly in her own self-titled series on CBS, and in 1983 she won a Daytime Emmy for moderating the game show “Just Men!”
“Golden Girls” endured in syndication, but the 1992 spinoff “The Golden Palace,” in which Rose, Blanche and Sophia manage a hotel, was canceled after its first season. Ms. White became an active performer on other sitcoms and won a 1996 Emmy playing a version of herself on “The John Larroquette Show.”
She later earned Emmy nominations for her guest roles on the comedy series “My Name Is Earl,” “Suddenly Susan,” “Yes, Dear” and the drama series “The Practice.”
Ms. White was an animal advocate much of her life. She volunteered with animal welfare organizations, wrote a book about pet care and hosted a series in the early 1970s, “The Pet Set,” about celebrities and their pets.
“Actors like to throw rocks at television, but I love the medium because of its immediacy and ability to reach a vast audience in one fell swoop,” she told the Toronto Star in 1986. “On stage, you can’t communicate one-on-one with the audience. On film, you’re larger than life and completely removed from the audience. Television, however, is an entity with a vitality of its own. And the beauty of this medium is that you can grow old in it. I intend to be around until I’m 102.”